Advanced Renal-Cell Carcinoma: Potential First-Line Treatment

​ A phase 3 clinical trial has found that in previously untreated patients with advanced renal-cell carcinoma (RCC), avelumab plus axitinib improves progression-free survival and objective response compared with sunitinib. Sunitinib is an antiangiogenic drug, meaning that it prevents tumors from growing their own blood vessels. It is considered standard of care as a first-line therapy for patients with advanced RCC. However, many patients either have inherent resistance to antiangiogenic drugs o...
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CK2 Inhibitor Disrupts Cancer’s Circadian Rhythm

Circadian rhythm is an important internal biological clock in charge of daily physiological processes. It regulates the sleep/wake cycle, body temperature, hormone secretion, and energy metabolism. Cells in the human body are dictated by their own circadian rhythm. According to a new study published in Science Advances , manipulating cancerous cells' circadian rhythm could potentially harm or kill malignancies by stunting their growth. In this study, researchers from the University of Southern C...
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New Protein Mimics Interleukin 2 Sans Side Effects

Researchers have used a computer program to design a protein that mimics the action of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and interleukin 15 (IL-15) without the toxic side effects. Interleukin 2 (IL-2), a cytokine that regulates the activities of the immune system's white blood cells, is a powerful anti-cancer drug used to treat metastatic melanoma and renal cell carcinoma. However, its toxic side effects, such as impairment of kidney function, have limited its use as a cancer-fighting agent. "People have tri...
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Noninvasive Nanoscale Test Accurately Detects Bladder Cancer

Researchers have developed an accurate, noninvasive diagnostic test that can be used for a number of cancers. Their success in applying this test to the detection of bladder cancer makes it the first to effectively utilize atomic force microscopy (AFM) for diagnostic purposes. Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancers and one of the most common causes of cancer-related death. If it is detected in stage 0, bladder cancer has a five-year survival rate of 98%; if it is detected at an advance...
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Advances in the Personalized Management of RCC With Brian I. Rini, MD, FACP

Based on recent estimates, kidney cancer accounts for approximately 4% of all cancer diagnoses in the United States. An estimated 65,300 new cases are reported each year and more than 14,000 people die of the disease. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which comprises nearly 90% of all kidney cancers, is characterized by a lack of early warning signs, diverse clinical manifestations, and resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. As a result of its often asymptomatic presentation, many patients present ...
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